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Jitiya parwa


Jitiya is one of the most famous and important  Pawain(festivals) in Rajdhami Community. Jitiya is the symbol of jit (victory). It is in the name of Jituwa, a blessing son of the Sun. He is also called God Jitamahan. God Jitamahan is the main deity of Jitiya Pawain to whom a bratalu woman (a woman who is on brata, a devotee) worshipping Jitiya festival. Jituwa or Jitamahan has been blessed by the Sun that a woman who will do this brata in the name of Jituwa honestly in the right time in the right way, her son will come out victorious in every difficult moment. He can't be defeated by any one.


Women do jitiya barta (fasting and worshipping) for the welfare and safety of their children. It is believed that women who do jitwa pawain in a correct way (following rules of barta) , their children become healthy, wealthy and successful in their life.


In jitya festival  women get a chance to see their parents, friends and to spend relaxed life at their Laihar (maternal place). Children also eagerly wait for this festival because  they get a chance to visit their maternal uncle and to have new clothes,toys etc.They are  happy to get money and blessings from nanaa /naani (maternal grand father /mother). They enjoy very  delicious food there in the course of Jitiya. So the women and their children both become happy at a time during Jitiya. 


Women from other communities rather than Rajdhamis and Tharus, also celebrate this Jitiya festival in the eastern and mid Terain of Nepal and the adjoining community of India. But, the way the Rajdhami women celebrate Jitiya differs from other communities. Rajdhami  women generally celebrate this festival at their maternal place (Laihar). A lady who is married can do this Jitiya Pawain. In Rajdhami community young as well as old all women can do this brata. All young newly married ladies eagerly wait for their brothers to come and take them to their laihar (maternal house).They bring rotis made up of rice flour as sanesh (kosheli).

On the first day of the brata, a married woman takes two leaves and four flowers of a sponge-gourd, some clay and mustard oil cake to the river. Firstly, she takes a bath and then performs a pooja there to Jitamahan without changing her wet dressings. After the pooja she washes her head with remaining clay and mustard oil cake before her final bathing.

For pooja or offering it to God Jitamahan, she puts at the rate of two pooja of some clay and mustard oil cake on each of the two leaves of sponge-gourd, puts one flower of sponge-gourd on each pooja, pour water over it and then bow to the Lord Jitamahan.


That very day she takes a normal diet as usual without any discrimination. If possible she can eat even fish and bread of finger millet which are prohibited diets for most of the brata and ceremonies. In the last quarter of the coming night, a bratalu woman takes a powerful delicious diet called Otghan(Dar) which helps her next day and night almost 24 hrs to take brata/ Upabas (fasting) or to live without any food and water.


Before an Otaghan a bratalu woman will have to offer some curd, beaten rice, gura, banana, areca nut, four flowers of sponge-gourd on two leaves of sponge-gourd as pooja to a symbolic falcon and jackal. The symbolic falcon and jackal are offered pooja outside the temple. After Otaghan fasting starts for 24 hrs as Upabas/brata on the honor of Jitamahan. During the day a bratalu woman has to hear Jitiya Katha and has to offer pooja on his honor to God Jitamahan.


The second day a bratalu woman first collects a leaf of Bikhaman, a bow made of banana leaf, arrow of siki, banana, betel leaf, areca nut, Achhat, pea-grains, basil leaves, some bags of paddy grains made of kush leaf, some yellow and black flags or kaniya putri, a clay lamp with mustard oil, Kusadi, a glass of water, red powder, white powder made of rice and mustard oil in a basket made of bamboo, a small branch of pippal and bar (banyan) tree, and then digs out a small symbolic pond at a comfortable place and gathers to hear Jitiya katha and offer pooja to God Jitamahan at a water source under a Bar or Pipal tree.


The third day (the ninth day of dark moon) is the day of breaking of brata/Upabas. A bratalu woman breaks her fasting and starts a normal diet (food and water). In the early morning she cleans her surroundings,  makes everything ready for pooja and to break the brata. She takes a bath and finishes pooja with banana leaf, Bikhaman pata, Jitiya phool (flower), curd, beaten rice, banana, gura, betel leaf, areca nut, sponge-gourd leaf and flower, achhata, pea-grains, basil leaves, a clay lamp with mustard oil, Dabahi, a glass of water, red powder and dhoop. Lastly, she swallows (without chewing) five grains of each achhata and pea and by this way her brata comes to an end.